ISSN 1300-1868
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


An Empirical Analysis on the Relationship between Public Sector Size and Economic Growth in Turkey

Ömer Faruk ALTUNÇ, Celil AYDIN.

Abstract
Armey Curve, propounded by Richard Armey, is one of the tools that developed to demonstrate the role of the state in the economic process. The basic logic behind the Armey Curve is that the relationship between public spending and gross domestic product (GDP) is positive up to a certain point, thereafter the relationship becomes negative. According to Friedman (1997), the government has an important role in a free and open society. It is emphasized that, average contribution of the public sector in the economy is positive, but as the public share of national income increases from 15% to 50% the marginal contribution of the public sector will be negative. Therefore, Friedman advocates that based on development level of countries, the optimal level of public spending should be between 15% and 50%. In this article, Friedman’s hypothesis is tested for Turkish economy using the data of the period 1975-2010 by the help of econometric timeseries analysis, and Armey Curve is evaluated whether it is valid for total public expenditure and expenditure components or not. Empirical findings confirmed that there is a relationship as "inverse U" between economic growth and other expenditure components except public investment expenditure. Moreover, the optimal level of total public expenditure for Turkish economy is calculated as 16% of GDP. This ratio is below the level of 26.6% which is the ratio of 2010 public expenditure to GDP. In this case, one of the macroeconomic policy proposals can be the reduction of the public expenditures in Turkish economy.

Key words: Public Sector, Armey Curve, Friedman\'s Hypothesis, Co-integration. JEL Classification: C10, C51, H50, O40.



TÜRKİYE'DE KAMU SEKTÖRÜ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME İLİŞKİSİNİN AMPİRİK ANALİZİ

Ozet
Richard Armey tarafından ortaya atılan Armey Eğrisi devletin ekonomik süreçteki rolünü ortaya koymak için geliştirilen araçlardan biridir. Armey eğrisi kamu harcamalarıyla Gayrisafi yurtiçi hasıla (GSYH) arasında bir noktaya kadar pozitif, bir noktadan sonra negatif ilişki oluğu şeklindeki temel mantığı yansıtmaktadır. Friedman’a (1997) göre özgür ve açık bir toplumda devlet önemli bir role sahiptir. Kamu sektörünün ekonomiye ortalama katkısının pozitif olduğu, ancak bu payın ulusal gelirin %15’inden %50’sine gidildikçe marjinal katkısının negatif olacağını vurgulamaktadır. Dolayısıyla Friedman kamu harcamalarının optimal düzeyinin, ülkelerin gelişmişlik düzeylerine göre, GSYH’nın %15 ile %50’si arasında olması gerektiğini savunmaktadır. Çalışmada bu hipotez 1975-2010 dönemi verilerinden hareketle ve ekonometrik zaman serileri analizinden yararlanarak Türkiye ekonomisi için test edilmiş ve toplam kamu harcamaları ve harcama kategorileri için Armey eğrisinin geçerli olup olmadığına bakılmıştır. Ampirik bulgular kamu yatırım harcamaları dışında diğer harcama kategorileri ve ekonomik büyüme arasında “ters U” biçiminde bir ilişkinin olduğunu doğrulamıştır. Ayrıca Türkiye ekonomisi için toplam kamu harcamalarının optimal düzeyi, GSYH’nın %16’sı düzeyinde hesaplanmıştır. Bu oran Türkiye ekonomisi için 2010 yılı kamu harcamalarının/GSYH’ya oranı olan %26.6 düzeyinin altındadır. Bu durumda sunulabilecek makroekonomik politika önerilerinden biri Türkiye’de kamu harcamalarının azaltılması gereğidir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Kamu sektörü, Armey eğrisi, Friedman hipotezi, Eş-bütünleşme. JEL Sınıflaması: C10, C51, H50, O40.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Ömer Faruk ALTUNÇ
Articles by Celil AYDIN
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 5989
Downloaded: 886
Cited: 0

REFERENCES
Abdiweli, A.M. (2003), “Institutional Differences as Sources of Growth Differences”, Atlantic Economic Journal, Vol.31, No.4, 348–362.
Akdoðan, A. (2003), Kamu Maliyesi, 9. Baský, Gazi Kitabevi, Ankara.
Arisoy, Ý. (2005), “Wagner ve Keynes Hipotezleri Çerçevesinde Türkiye’de Kamu Harcamalarý ve Ekonomik Büyüme Ýliþkisi”, Ç.Ü. Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, Cilt 14, Sayý 2, 63-80.
Armey, D. (1995), The Freedom Revolution, Regnery Publishing Co., Washington.
Asoni, A. (2008), “Protection of Property Rights and Growth as Political Equilibria”, Journal of Economic Surveys, Vol.22, No.5, 953–987.
Aytaç D., Güran M.C. (2010), “Kamu Harcamalarýnýn BileþimiEkonomik Büyümeyi Etkiler mi? Türkiye Ekonomisi Ýçin Bir Analiz”, Sosyo Ekonomi, 2010 (2), 129-152.
Barro, R. (1989), “A Cross-Country Study of Growth, Saving and Government”, NBER Working Paper No. 2855.
Barro, R. J. (1990), “Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth”, The Journal of Political Economy, Vol.98, No.5, 103-125. [DOI via Crossref]   
Chao, J., Grubel, H. (1998), “Optimal Levels of Spending and Taxation in Canada,” The Fraser Institute, Vancouver
Engle, R., Granger, C. W. J. (1987), “Cointegration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation and Testing”, Econometrica, Vol. 55, No.2, 251-76. [DOI via Crossref]   
Facchini F., Melki M. (2011), “Optimal Government Size and Economic Growth in France (1871-2008): En Explanation by the State and Market Failures”, CES Working Papers, ISSN: 1955-611X, Paris, 1-38.
Friedman F. (1997), “If Only the U.S. Were as Free as Hong Kong”, Wall Street Journal, July 8, p. A14.
Gunalp, B., Dýncer, O. (2005), “The Optimal Government Size in Transition Countries,” Department of Economics, Hacettepe University Beytepe, Ankara and Department of Commerce, Massey University, Auckland.
Gwartney, J., Lawson, R., Holcombe, R. (1998), “The Size and Functions of Government and Economic Growth”, Joint Economic Committee, Washington, D.C., April.
Hansen, B. E. (1996), “Inference When a Nuisance Parameter is not Identified Under the Null Hypothesis”, Econometrica, Vol. 64, No.2, 413-430. [DOI via Crossref]   
Kar, M., Taban, S. (2003), “Kamu Harcama Çeþitlerinin Ekonomik Büyüme Üzerine Etkileri”, Ankara Üniversitesi SBF Dergisi, C.58, S.3, 146-169.
Karras, G. (1997), “On the Optimal Government Size in Europe: Theory and Empirical Evidence,” The Manchester School of Economic&Social Studies, Blackwell Publishing, Vol.65, No.3, 280-94.
Karras, G. (1996), “The Optimal Government Size: Further International Evidence on the Productivity of Government Services”, Economic Inquiry,Vol. 34, No.2, 193-203. [DOI via Crossref]   
Kwiatkowski, D., Phillips, P. C. B., Schmidt, P., Shin, Y. (1992), “Testing The Null Hypothesis of Stationarity Against The Alternative of A Unit Root, How Sure Are We That Economic Time Series Have a Unit Root?”, Journal of Econometrics, Vol. 54, 159-78. [DOI via Crossref]   
Mavrov, H. (2007), “The Size of Government Expenditure and the Rate of Economic Growth in Bulgaria”, Eriþim Adresi /http://alternativi.unwe.acad.bg/bu18/06.pdf (Eriþim Tarihi: 01 Haziran 2012).
Mohammadi, H., Çak M., Çak D. (2008), “Wagner’s Hypothesis New Evidence from Turkey Using The Bounds Testing Approach”, Journal of Economic Studies, Vol.35, No.1, 94-106. [DOI via Crossref]   
North, D.C. (1987), “Institutions, Transaction Costs and Economic Growth”, Economic Inquiry, Vol.25, No.3, 419-428. [DOI via Crossref]   
Peden, E.A. (1991) “Productivity in the United States and Its Relationship to Government Activity: An Analysis of 57 Years, 1929 – 1986”, Public Choice, 86, December, 153-173. [DOI via Crossref]   
Pevcin, P. (2004), “Economic Output and the Optimal Size of Government”, Economic and Business Review, Vol.6, No.3, 213-227.
Phillips, P., P. Perron (1988), “Testing for Unit Root in The Time Series Regression”, Biometrika, Vol.75, No.2, 336–340.
Rahn, R., Fox, H. (1996), “What is the Optimum Size of Government”, Vernon K. Kriebe Foundation.
Rezk, E. (2005), “Public Expenditure and Optimal Government Size in an Endogenous Growth Model: An Analysis of the Argentine Case,” National University of La Plata.
Romer, P.M. (1986), “Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth”, Journal of Political Economy, Vol.94, No.5, 1002-1037. [DOI via Crossref]   
Said, E.S., Dickey D.A. (1989), “Testing for Unit Roots in ARMA(p,q) Models with Unknown p and q”, Biometrika, 71, 599-607. [DOI via Crossref]   
Scully, G. (1994), “What is the Optimal Size of Government? Policy Report”, No: 188, National Centre for Policy Analysis, Dallas.
Scully, G. (2008), “Optimal Taxation, Economic Growth and Income Inequality in the United States,” National Center for Policy Analysis, Policy Report No. 316
Solow, R.M. (1956), “A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol.70, No.1, 65-94. [DOI via Crossref]   
Swan, T.W. (1956), “Economic Growth and Capital Accumulation”, Economic Record, Vol.32, No.2, 334-361. [DOI via Crossref]   
Vaziri, H., Nademi, Y., Paghe A.A., Nademi, A. (2011), “Does Armey Curve Exist in Pakistan and Iran Economies?”, Journal of Applied Sciences Research, Vol.7, No.5, 562-565.
Vedder, R., Gallaway, L. (1998), “Government Size and Economic Growth,” Joint Economic Committee, Washington D.C., 1-15.
Williamson, O. (1985), Economic Institutions of Capitalism, The Free Press, New York.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Omer Faruk ALTUNC, Celil AYDIN. [An Empirical Analysis on the Relationship between Public Sector Size and Economic Growth in Turkey]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(82): 79-98. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.20003


Web Style

Omer Faruk ALTUNC, Celil AYDIN. [An Empirical Analysis on the Relationship between Public Sector Size and Economic Growth in Turkey]. http://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=34384 [Access: December 11, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.20003


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Omer Faruk ALTUNC, Celil AYDIN. [An Empirical Analysis on the Relationship between Public Sector Size and Economic Growth in Turkey]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(82): 79-98. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.20003



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Omer Faruk ALTUNC, Celil AYDIN. [An Empirical Analysis on the Relationship between Public Sector Size and Economic Growth in Turkey]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2012), [cited December 11, 2018]; 23(82): 79-98. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.20003



Harvard Style

Omer Faruk ALTUNC, Celil AYDIN (2012) [An Empirical Analysis on the Relationship between Public Sector Size and Economic Growth in Turkey]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 23 (82), 79-98. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.20003



Turabian Style

Omer Faruk ALTUNC, Celil AYDIN. 2012. [An Empirical Analysis on the Relationship between Public Sector Size and Economic Growth in Turkey]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 23 (82), 79-98. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.20003



Chicago Style

Omer Faruk ALTUNC, Celil AYDIN. "[An Empirical Analysis on the Relationship between Public Sector Size and Economic Growth in Turkey]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 23 (2012), 79-98. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.20003



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Omer Faruk ALTUNC, Celil AYDIN. "[An Empirical Analysis on the Relationship between Public Sector Size and Economic Growth in Turkey]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 23.82 (2012), 79-98. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.20003



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Omer Faruk ALTUNC, Celil AYDIN (2012) [An Empirical Analysis on the Relationship between Public Sector Size and Economic Growth in Turkey]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 23 (82), 79-98. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.20003





Most Viewed Articles
  • Ulusların Düşüşü - Güç, Zenginlik ve Yoksulluğun Kökenleri
    Why Nations Fail - The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty [Turkish]
    Gönül DİNÇER
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(93): 65-76
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35517

  • DOSTOYEVSKİ'NİN İKTİSADİ YAKLAŞIMI VE İKTİSADİ AKLIN ELEŞTİRİSİ
    Dostoevsky’s Approach to Economics and Critique of the Economic Man [Turkish]
    Ceyhun GÜRKAN, Mustafa ÖZİŞ
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(82): 99-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20004

  • BÜTÇE AÇIKLARININ CARİ İŞLEMLER DENGESİ ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ: İKİZ AÇIKLAR HİPOTEZİNİN TÜRKİYE AÇISINDAN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ
    Effects of Budget Deficit on Current Account Balance: Analysis of Twin Deficits Hypothesis in Case of Turkey [Turkish]
    Metin BAYRAK; Ömer ESEN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(82): 23-49
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20001

  • TÜRKİYE'DE KAMU SEKTÖRÜ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME İLİŞKİSİNİN AMPİRİK ANALİZİ
    An Empirical Analysis on the Relationship between Public Sector Size and Economic Growth in Turkey [Turkish]
    Ömer Faruk ALTUNÇ, Celil AYDIN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(82): 79-98
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20003

  • TÜRKİYE’DE 1994, 2001 VE 2008-9 EKONOMİK KRİZLERİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRMALI ANALİZİ
    ECONOMIC CRISES IN TURKEY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FAILURES IN 1994, 2001 AND 2008-9 [Turkish]
    Oktar TÜREL
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2010; 21(75): 27-75
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10704

  • BÜYÜME: NEYİN BÜYÜMESİ? İktisadi Büyümeye İlişkin Eleştirel Bir Değerlendirme
    GROWTH? GROWTH OF WHAT? A Critical Assesment of Economic Growth [Turkish]
    Mustafa DURMUŞ
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(83): 37-68
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.34097

  • TÜRKİYE EKONOMİSİ İÇİN NAIRU TAHMİNİ
    NAIRU Estimation for the Turkish Economy [Turkish]
    Özlem YİĞİT; Atilla GÖKÇE
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(83): 69-91
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.34098

  • İLERİYE DÖNÜK YENİ KEYNESYEN PARA POLİTİKASI REAKSİYON FONKSİYONUNUN TAHMİNİ: TAYLOR KURALI’NIN, MCCALLUM KURALI’NIN, TAYLOR-MCCALLUM MELEZ KURALI’NIN TÜRKİYE EKONOMİSİNDE GEÇERLİLİĞİ
    Estimation of New Keynesian Monetary Policy Reaction Function: Availability of Taylor Rule, McCallum Rule and Hybrid Taylor-McCallum Rule in Turkish Economy [Turkish]
    Hakan Naim ARDOR, Serdar VARLIK
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2013; 24(89): 45-71
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35302

  • Orta Gelir Tuzağından Çıkış
    Rise from Middle Income Trap [Turkish]
    Yusuf Kurtoğlu
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(90): 71-90
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35313

  • KÜRESEL GIDA KRİZİ: ÜÇÜNCÜ GIDA REJİMİ, KÜRESEL SERMAYE VE GELİŞMEKTE OLAN ÜLKELER
    Global Food Crisis: The Third Food Regime, Global Capital and The Developing Countries [Turkish]
    Sibel ÇAŞKURLU
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(Special): 161-194
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20011

  • Most Downloaded
  • Küresel Dengesizlikler ve Kriz Tartışması Işığında Cari Denge ve Sermaye Hesabını Anlamak
    Understanding Developments in Current Accounts and Financial Flows in Light of Discussions on Global Imbalances and Recent Crises [Turkish]
    Hasan Cömert, Güney Düzçay
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2015; 26(96): 59-90
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35901

  • Ulusların Düşüşü - Güç, Zenginlik ve Yoksulluğun Kökenleri
    Why Nations Fail - The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty [Turkish]
    Gönül DİNÇER
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(93): 65-76
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35517

  • DIŞ TİCARET KURAMINDA ÇEKİM MODELİ
    The Gravity Model in International Trade Theory [Turkish]
    Gönül DİNÇER
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2013; 24(88): 1-34
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35200

  • XVII. YÜZYILDA OSMANLILAR VE MERKANTİLİSTLER
    English Title Not Available [Turkish Title:XVII. YÜZYILDA OSMANLILAR VE MERKANTİLİSTLER] [Turkish]
    Mehmet BULUT
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2000; 11(39): 23-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10334

  • Tarihsel Dönüşüm Sorunu
    English Title Not Available [Turkish title: Tarihsel Dönüşüm Sorunu] [Turkish]
    Aziz KONUKMAN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 1980; 1(2): 136-147
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10017

  • 1971 SONRASINDA TÜRKİYE’DE İZLENEN DÖVİZ KURU POLİTİKASI
    English Title Not Available [Turkish Title: 1971 SONRASINDA TÜRKİYE’DE İZLENEN DÖVİZ KURU POLİTİKASI] [Turkish]
    Nahit TÖRE
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 1981; 2(4): 1-25
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10029

  • YENİ DIŞ TİCARET TEORİLERİ
    The New Trade Theories [Turkish]
    Arzu S. AKKOYUNLU
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 1996; 7(21): 71-99
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10230

  • İLERİYE DÖNÜK YENİ KEYNESYEN PARA POLİTİKASI REAKSİYON FONKSİYONUNUN TAHMİNİ: TAYLOR KURALI’NIN, MCCALLUM KURALI’NIN, TAYLOR-MCCALLUM MELEZ KURALI’NIN TÜRKİYE EKONOMİSİNDE GEÇERLİLİĞİ
    Estimation of New Keynesian Monetary Policy Reaction Function: Availability of Taylor Rule, McCallum Rule and Hybrid Taylor-McCallum Rule in Turkish Economy [Turkish]
    Hakan Naim ARDOR, Serdar VARLIK
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2013; 24(89): 45-71
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35302

  • HİTİT KANUNLARINDA HAYVANLARLA İLGİLİ MADDELER ÜZERİNE BİR DEĞERLENDİRME
    An Assessment of Articles on Animals in the Hittite Laws [Turkish]
    Özlem Sir GAVAZ
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(83): 93-106
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.34099

  • TÜRKİYE EKONOMİSİNDE BEYAZ EŞYA SEKTÖRÜNÜN ÖNEMİ
    Importance of the White Goods Sector in the Turkish Economy [Turkish]
    Mehmet ÖZKUL
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2011; 22(78): 119-136
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20034

  • Most Cited Articles
  • TÜRKİYE’DE BİREYSEL EMEKLİK SİSTEMİ’NDEKİ CİNSİYET FARKLILIKLARININ ANALİZİ
    An Analysis of Gender Gaps in the Private Pension Scheme in Turkey [English]
    S. Cihan BOZKUŞ, Adem Y. ELVEREN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2008; 19(69): 89-106
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10677
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • [Türkçe Başlık Yok]
    TOURISM AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN TURKEY [English]
    Jülide Yıldırım Öcal, Nadir Öcal
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2004; 15(52-53): 131-141
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10503
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • EV SAHiBi ÜLKE AÇISINDAN YABANCI SERMAYE YATIRIMLARINI ETKİLEYEN FAKTÖRLER VE TÜRKİYE ÜZERİNE BİR UYGULAMA
    English Title Not Available [Turkish Title: EV SAHiBi ÜLKE AÇISINDAN YABANCI SERMAYE YATIRIMLARINI ETKİLEYEN FAKTÖRLER VE TÜRKİYE ÜZERİNE BİR UYGULAMA] [Turkish]
    Filiz Elmas ÖZAĞ
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 1994; 5(12): 63-77
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10174
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Türkiye’de Bireysel Emeklilik Sistemi: Toplumsal Cinsiyetçi Bir Yaklaşım
    THE INDIVIDUAL PENSION SYSTEM IN TURKEY: A GENDERED PERSPECTIVE [English]
    Şule ŞAHİN, Helga RITTERSBERGER-TILIÇ, Adem Yavuz ELVEREN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2010; 21(77): 115-142
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20039
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • GCC PETRODOLAR FAZLALIĞI VE ABD CARİ AÇIK DENGESİZLİĞİ
    GCC PETRODOLLAR SURPLUSES AND THE US CURRENT ACCOUNT IMBALANCE [English]
    Shawkat HAMMOUDEH, Ramazan SARI, Eisa ALESIA
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2009; 20(73): 39-54
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10695
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • İKİZ AÇIKLAR HİPOTEZİ (TÜRKİYE UYGULAMASI)
    English Title Not Available [Turkish Title:İKİZ AÇIKLAR HİPOTEZİ (TÜRKİYE UYGULAMASI)] [Turkish]
    Ahmet ZENGİN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2000; 11(39): 37-67
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10335
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • İstihdam, İktisadi Büyüme ve İşgücü Piyasası Performansı: Türkiye Örneği
    EMPLOYMENT, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE: THE CASE OF TURKEY [English]
    Alparslan AKÇORAOĞLU
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2010; 21(77): 101-114
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20038
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Türkiye'de Bölgesel Ekonomik Aktivite: Yeni Ekonomik Coğrafya Yaklaşımı
    Regional Economic Activity in Turkey: A New Economic Geography Approach [English]
    Mehmet Burak TURGUT
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(93): 39-63
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35516
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • BÜTÇE AÇIKLARININ CARİ İŞLEMLER DENGESİ ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ: İKİZ AÇIKLAR HİPOTEZİNİN TÜRKİYE AÇISINDAN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ
    Effects of Budget Deficit on Current Account Balance: Analysis of Twin Deficits Hypothesis in Case of Turkey [Turkish]
    Metin BAYRAK; Ömer ESEN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(82): 23-49
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20001
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • İhracatta Çeşitlenme: Türkiye’nin Yoğun ve Yaygın Marjları
    EXPORT DIVERSIFICATION AND COMPETITIVENESS: INTENSIVE AND EXTENSIVE MARGINS OF TURKEY [English]
    Seda EKMEN, Güzin ERLAT
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2013; 24(88): 35-64
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35201
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]