E-ISSN 2791-9439 | ISSN 1300-1868

Instructions for Authors


For Turkish version click here




[Indexed in EconLit [EconLit Coverage: 2013, 24(86) - present], RePEc and EconPapers]

Aims of the Journal

The Ekonomik Yaklasim (EY) journal is the official publication of the Ekonomik Yaklasim Association. The Journal publishes research articles in the fields of all major fields of economics and other social sciences related with economics for contributing to the international social sciences literature. Ekonomik Yaklasim also aims to promote interdisciplinary studies over the issues of theoretical, practical, and historical importance in dealing with problems in economics.

Focus and Scope

Ekonomik Yaklasim is a double blind peer-reviewed journal that employs economics to analyze issues in business, consumer behavior, public policy, history and politics. The Journal is focused on publishing both theoretical and empirical papers in economics. It is open for orthodox but also unorthodox approaches.


Translations are not accepted, except for those that are thought to contribute to the field of social sciences.

Publication Language

The Journal welcomes not only Turkish authors, but also authors from all over the world. Papers may be written in English or Turkish. The decision to submit in either English or Turkish does not affect the outcome of the review process or the chance that the article is accepted. Authors with a good command of written English are nevertheless encouraged to submit articles in English in order to simplify the editorial process.

Journal Sections

There are five sections such as original article, book review, erratum, special issue and other.

Publication Frequency

The Journal is published four times a year in February, May, August, and November.

Evaluation Criteria

The primary criteria for selecting papers are quality and importance for the field. Manuscripts submitted to Ekonomik Yaklasim should contain original research that have neither been published nor sent for review to any type of publication. The contents of each article are the exclusive responsibility of the authors.The journal's acceptance rate is 62%. 

Review Process

All submissions will undergo a double blind peer review process by at least two reviewers. In the case of disparate opinions on the part of reviewers, the work will be forwarded to a third reviewer. Authors may be asked by the editors at all times during the editorial process to revise a contribution  in order to maintain scientific standards and comply with the journal’s author guidelines and style guide. Reviews are made based on the system of the ejmanager.com. The editors may commission additional reviews as part of the editorial process. For authors who are requested by reviewers or editors to revise and resubmit their article it is mandatory to resubmit the article together with a documentation of the changes made according to the recommendations of reviewers or editors and to defend these changes. This statement will be provided to the reviewer together with the resubmitted article. Reviewers will receive all reviews in order to re-review resubmitted papers. Reviewers are expected to comply with the principles of good scientific conduct. Reviewers should not accept reviews if anonymity is breached or a conflict of interest exists. Review results will be made available to the authors anonymously. Decisions on the acceptance of papers, revision of contributions, additional reviews or re-reviews and copy editing are solely the responsibility of the editors in agreement with the publisher, and are final. Review results are merged in a file as Paper Review Form

By submitting a contribution, the corresponding author declares that the article has not been submitted or published previously, and that no copyright-protected material is used (unless by permission and properly acknowledged). 

Note that all submissions to our journal are screened by iThenticate (Professional Plagiarism Prevention) program.


All the data and full texts of the articles published in the Ekonomik Yaklasim are stored in XML and .pdf formats in a third party cloud server that is closed to access. 


The Journal does not accept advertisements. However, the Journal can make announcements on the web page about non-profit scientific events.

Privacy Policy

Personal information like names and e-mail addresses submitted to the Journal  will be used exclusively for this journal and te Journal's scientific purposes. Regarding information will not be used for other aims and will not be shared with third parties.

Open Access Policy

The Journal adopts open access policy. 



​Submitted works should be 1.5 line-spaced, with tables and figures, and a maximum size of 30 A4 pages. The font size should be 12 points and the character should be Times New Roman. Studies that do not comply with the format requirements or the subject of the Ekonomik Yaklasim are returned to the authors after preliminary examination without being sent to the referees.

IMPORTANT: In your article file (doc, docx) that you will upload to the system, the names of the authors and institutions should not be included!

Footnotes in the text are given by numbering on the relevant page; not placed at the end of the text. Figures and tables should be placed on the relevant page. The source must be indicated in the figures and tables and the relevant references must be added to the bibliography. Notes which are  below figures and tables should make them understandable regardless of the main text. Figures and tables placed in the main text should not be the output of the software program, but should be in the form of tables that the authors have converted themselves. Figures and tables should be arranged in accordance with A4 paper size.

Along with the work, a Turkish abstract (not exceeding 300 words) and an English abstract with an English title (not exceeding 300 words) and keywords not exceeding five must be submitted under each abstract. In the abstracts; purpose, method, findings and conclusion information should be included. In addition, at least 1 and at most 3 JEL classification codes should be added at the two-digit level. For JEL classifications that should be selected according to the subject of the study, https://goo.gl/PjknfA can be used.

Authors are required to send a note including their affiliation institution, correspondence address, telephone and e-mail information along with their studies.

The authors are responsible for the opinions expressed in the studies.

Studies should be prepared in accordance with Turkish (or English) spelling and grammar rules.

Send your manuscripts in the APA 6 format. In the APA 6, headings and subtitles in the text is given as 5 levels.

       Level 1 Center, Bold, Words start with a capital letter ends with a lowercase letter

       Level 2 Left Aligned, Bold, Words start with a capital letter ends with a lowercase letter

       Level 3 Right Indented , Bold, First word of the title starts with a capital letter, other words start and end with a lower case letter

       Level 4 Right Indented, Bold and Italic, First word of title starts with a capital letter and other words start and end with a lowercase letter

       Level 5 Right Indented, Italic, First word of title capitalized starts and other words start and end with  a lowercase letter

Accepted articles will be published in the Journal's own format. 

Reference Citations in Text

Ekonomik Yaklasim uses APA 6 citation and referencing style.

In APA style, in-text citations are placed within sentences and paragraphs so that it is clear what information is being quoted or paraphrased and whose information is being cited.


Works by a single author

The last name of the author and the year of publication are inserted in the text at the appropriate point.

from theory on bounded rationality (Simon, 1945)

If the name of the author or the date appear as part of the narrative, cite only missing information in parentheses.

Simon (1945) posited that


Works by multiple authors

When a work has two authors, always cite both names every time the reference occurs in the text. In parenthetical material join the names with an ampersand (&).

as has been shown (Leiter & Maslach, 1998)

In the narrative text, join the names with the word "and."

as Leiter and Maslach (1998) demonstrated

When a work has three, four, or five authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs.

Kahneman, Knetsch, and Thaler (1991) found

In all subsequent citations per paragraph, include only the surname of the first author followed by "et al." (Latin for "and others") and the year of publication.

Kahneman et al. (1991) found


Works by associations, corporations, government agencies, etc.

The names of groups that serve as authors (corporate authors) are usually written out each time they appear in a text reference.

(National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2007)

When appropriate, the names of some corporate authors are spelled out in the first reference and abbreviated in all subsequent citations. The general rule for abbreviating in this manner is to supply enough information in the text citation for a reader to locate its source in the Reference List without difficulty.

(NIMH, 2007)


Works with no author

When a work has no author, use the first two or three words of the work's title (omitting any initial articles) as your text reference, capitalizing each word. Place the title in quotation marks if it refers to an article, chapter of a book, or Web page. Italicize the title if it refers to a book, periodical, brochure, or report.

on climate change ("Climate and Weather," 1997)

Guide to Agricultural Meteorological Practices (1981)


Anonymous authors should be listed as such followed by a comma and the date.

on climate change (Anonymous, 2008)


Specific parts of a source

To cite a specific part of a source (always necessary for quotations), include the page, chapter, etc. (with appropriate abbreviations) in the in-text citation.

(Stigter & Das, 1981, p. 96)

De Waal (1996) overstated the case when he asserted that "we seem to be reaching ... from the hands of philosophers" (p. 218).

If page numbers are not included in electronic sources (such as Web-based journals), provide the paragraph number preceded by the abbreviation "para." or the heading and following paragraph.

(Mönnich & Spiering, 2008, para. 9)


Reference List

References cited in the text of a research paper must appear in a Reference List. This list provides the information necessary to identify and retrieve each source.

  • Order: Entries should be arranged in alphabetical order by authors' last names. Sources without authors are arranged alphabetically by title within the same list.
  • Authors: Write out the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work. Use an ampersand (&) instead of the word "and" when listing multiple authors of a single work. e.g. Smith, J. D., & Jones, M.
  • Titles: Capitalize only the first word of a title or subtitle, and any proper names that are part of a title.
  • Pagination: Use the abbreviation p. or pp. to designate page numbers of articles from periodicals that do not use volume numbers, especially newspapers. These abbreviations are also used to designate pages in encyclopedia articles and chapters from edited books.
  • Indentation*: The first line of the entry is flush with the left margin, and all subsequent lines are indented (5 to 7 spaces) to form a "hanging indent".
  • Underlining vs. Italics*: It is appropriate to use italics instead of underlining for titles of books and journals.

Two additional pieces of information should be included for works accessed online.

  • Internet Address**: A stable Internet address should be included and should direct the reader as close as possible to the actual work. If the work has a digital object identifier (DOI), use this. If there is no DOI or similar handle, use a stable URL. If the URL is not stable, as is often the case with online newspapers and some subscription-based databases, use the home page of the site you retrieved the work from.
  • Date: If the work is a finalized version published and dated, as in the case of a journal article, the date within the main body of the citation is enough. However, if the work is not dated and/or is subject to change, as in the case of an online encyclopedia article, include the date that you retrieved the information.


Articles in journals, magazines, and newspapers

References to periodical articles must include the following elements: author(s), date of publication, article title, journal title, volume number, issue number (if applicable), and page numbers.

Journal article, one author, accessed online

Ku, G. (2008). Learning to de-escalate: The effects of regret in escalation of commitment.Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes105(2), 221-232. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2007.08.002


Journal article, two authors, accessed online

Sanchez, D., & King-Toler, E. (2007). Addressing disparities consultation and outreach strategies for university settings. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research59(4), 286-295. doi:10.1037/1065- 9293.59.4.286


Journal article, more than two authors, accessed online

Van Vugt, M., Hogan, R., & Kaiser, R. B. (2008). Leadership, followership, and evolution: Some lessons from the past. American Psychologist63(3), 182-196. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.63.3.182


Article from an Internet-only journal

Hirtle, P. B. (2008, July-August). Copyright renewal, copyright restoration, and the difficulty of determining copyright status. D-Lib Magazine14(7/8). doi:10.1045/july2008-hirtle


Journal article from a subscription database (no DOI)

Colvin, G. (2008, July 21). Information worth billions. Fortune158(2), 73-79. Retrieved from Business Source Complete, EBSCO. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com


Magazine article, in print

Kluger, J. (2008, January 28). Why we love. Time171(4), 54-60.


Newspaper article, no author, in print

As prices surge, Thailand pitches OPEC-style rice cartel. (2008, May 5). The Wall Street Journal, p. A9.


Newspaper article, multiple authors, discontinuous pages, in print

Delaney, K. J., Karnitschnig, M., & Guth, R. A. (2008, May 5). Microsoft ends pursuit of Yahoo, reassesses its online options. The Wall Street Journal, pp. A1, A12.



References to an entire book must include the following elements: author(s) or editor(s), date of publication, title, place of publication, and the name of the publisher.

No Author or editor, in print

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2003). Springfield, MA: Merriam- Webster.


One author, in print

Kidder, T. (1981). The soul of a new machine. Boston, MA: Little, Brown & Company.


Two authors, in print

Frank, R. H., & Bernanke, B. (2007). Principles of macro-economics (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.


Corporate author, author as publisher, accessed online

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2000). Tasmanian year book 2000 (No. 1301.6). Canberra, Australian Capital Territory: Author. Retrieved from http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/CA2568710006989...$File/13016_2000.pdf


Edited book

Gibbs, J. T., & Huang, L. N. (Eds.). (2001). Children of color: Psychological interventions with culturally diverse youth. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.



References for dissertations should include the following elements: author, date of publication, title, and institution (if you accessed the manuscript copy from the university collections). If there is a UMI number or a database accession number, include it at the end of the citation.


Dissertation, accessed online

Young, R. F. (2007). Crossing boundaries in urban ecology: Pathways to sustainable cities(Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses database. (UMI No. 327681)


Essays or chapters in edited books

References to an essay or chapter in an edited book must include the following elements: essay or chapter authors, date of publication, essay or chapter title, book editor(s), book title, essay or chapter page numbers, place of publication, and the name of the publisher.

One author

Labajo, J. (2003). Body and voice: The construction of gender in flamenco. In T. Magrini (Ed.), Music and gender: perspectives from the Mediterranean (pp. 67-86). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.


Two editors

Hammond, K. R., & Adelman, L. (1986). Science, values, and human judgment. In H. R. Arkes & K. R. Hammond (Eds.), Judgement and decision making: An interdisciplinary reader (pp. 127-143). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.


Encyclopedias or dictionaries and entries in an encyclopedia

References for encyclopedias must include the following elements: author(s) or editor(s), date of publication, title, place of publication, and the name of the publisher. For sources accessed online, include the retrieval date as the entry may be edited over time.


Encyclopedia set or dictionary

Sadie, S., & Tyrrell, J. (Eds.). (2002). The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians(2nd ed., Vols. 1-29). New York, NY: Grove.


Article from an online encyclopedia

Containerization. (2008). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May 6, 2008, from http://search.eb.com


Encyclopedia article

Kinni, T. B. (2004). Disney, Walt (1901-1966): Founder of the Walt Disney Company. InEncyclopedia of Leadership (Vol. 1, pp. 345-349). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.


Research reports and papers

References to a report must include the following elements: author(s), date of publication, title, place of publication, and name of publisher. If the issuing organization assigned a number (e.g., report number, contract number, or monograph number) to the report, give that number in parentheses immediately after the title. If it was accessed online, include the URL.


Government report, accessed online

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2005). Medicaid drug price comparisons: Average manufacturer price to published prices (OIG publication No. OEI-05-05- 00240). Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-05-05-00240.pdf


Government reports, GPO publisher, accessed online

Congressional Budget Office. (2008). Effects of gasoline prices on driving behavior and vehicle markets: A CBO study (CBO Publication No. 2883). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/88xx/doc8893/01-14-GasolinePrices.pdf


Technical and/or research reports, accessed online

Deming, D., & Dynarski, S. (2008). The lengthening of childhood (NBER Working Paper 14124). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved July 21, 2008, from http://www.nber.org/papers/w14124


Document available on university program or department site

Victor, N. M. (2008). Gazprom: Gas giant under strain. Retrieved from Stanford University, Program on Energy and Sustainable Development Web site: http://pesd.stanford.edu/publications/gazprom_gas_giant_under_strain/


Audio-visual media

References to audio-visual media must include the following elements: name and function of the primary contributors (e.g., producer, director), date, title, the medium in brackets, location or place of production, and name of the distributor. If the medium is indicated as part of the retrieval ID, brackets are not needed.


Achbar, M. (Director/Producer), Abbott, J. (Director), Bakan, J. (Writer), & Simpson, B. (Producer) (2004). The corporation [DVD]. Canada: Big Picture Media Corporation.


Audio recording

Nhat Hanh, T. (Speaker). (1998). Mindful living: a collection of teachings on love, mindfulness, and meditation [Cassette Recording]. Boulder, CO: Sounds True Audio.


Motion picture

Gilbert, B. (Producer), & Higgins, C. (Screenwriter/Director). (1980). Nine to five [Motion Picture]. United States: Twentieth Century Fox.


Television broadcast

Anderson, R., & Morgan, C. (Producers). (2008, June 20). 60 Minutes [Television broadcast]. Washington, DC: CBS News.


Television show from a series

Whedon, J. (Director/Writer). (1999, December 14). Hush [Television series episode]. In Whedon, J., Berman, G., Gallin, S., Kuzui, F., & Kuzui, K. (Executive Producers), Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Burbank, CA: Warner Bros..


Music recording

Jackson, M. (1982). Beat it. On Thriller [CD]. New York, NY: Sony Music.


Undated Web site content, blogs, and data

For content that does not easily fit into categories such as journal papers, books, and reports, keep in mind the goal of a citation is to give the reader a clear path to the source material. For electronic and online materials, include stable URL or database name. Include the author, title, and date published when available. For undated materials, include the date the resource was accessed.


Blog entry

Arrington, M. (2008, August 5). The viral video guy gets $1 million in funding. Message posted to http://www.techcrunch.com


Professional Web site

National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (2008). Biofuels. Retrieved May 6, 2008, from http://www.nrel.gov/learning/re_biofuels.html


Data set from a database

Bloomberg L.P. (2008). Return on capital for Hewitt Packard 12/31/90 to 09/30/08. Retrieved Dec. 3, 2008, from Bloomberg database.

Central Statistics Office of the Republic of Botswana. (2008). Gross domestic product per capita 06/01/1994 to 06/01/2008 [statistics]. Available from CEIC Data database.


Entire Web site
When citing an entire Web site (and not a specific document on that site), no Reference List entry is required if the address for the site is cited in the text of your paper.

Witchcraft In Europe and America is a site that presents the full text of many essential works in the literature of witchcraft and demonology (http://www.witchcraft.psmedia.com/).


This material is taken from Cornell University's Library Site. Available online at: https://www.library.cornell.edu/resrch/citmanage/apa



The manuscripts submitted to the Journal for publication should be original studies that were not published before or not submitted to anywhere else for publication.

Authors who submit their studies to  the Journal should acknowledge that they have to transfer the copyright of their studies to Ekonomik Yaklaşım Association. The editorial board of the journal is authorized to publish the study. Those authors who will submit their studies to the Journal  have to fill in the Copyright Transfer Form with a wet signature. The signed form should be scanned and sent to eyaklasimeditor@gmail.com. 


Approval of Ethics Committee

Ethics Committee Permission is required for studies to be published as of 2020 in line with the decisions taken by Ulakbim TR Index. Ethics committee approval must be obtained separately for research in all scientific fields, including social and human sciences, and for clinical and experimental studies on humans and animals that require an ethical committee decision, this approval must be stated and documented in the papers.
In studies requiring ethics committee approval, information about the permission (name of the board, date and number) should be included in the method section and also on the first / last page of the paper. Papers should include a statement that the Research and Publication Ethics are complied.

Studies requiring Ethics Committee Permission are listed below. When uploading your manuscript to Ekonomik Yaklasim, you must upload the Ethics Committee Permission document along with your paper file. If your study is not included in the study group requiring ethics committee approval, you must declare this situation while submitting your work to the system and state that clearly in the submitted text of the paper.

For example: 

              "Approval of Ethics Committee
               Ethics Committee approval is not required for this article."

Studies Requiring Ethics Committee Permission:

  • All kinds of research conducted with qualitative or quantitative approaches that require data collection from participants using questionnaires, interviews, focus group work, observation, experimentation, interview techniques.
  • Use of humans and animals (including material / data) for experimental or other scientific purposes,
  • Clinical studies on humans,
  • Research on animals,
  • Retrospective studies in accordance with the law on protection of personal data


  • Stating that "informed consent form" was obtained in case presentations,
  • Obtaining and specifying permission from the owners for the use of scales, surveys and photographs belonging to others,
  • Stating that the copyright regulations are complied with for the intellectual and artistic works used

Should retrospective Ethics Committee Permission be obtained for publications produced from work and thesis completed in previous years?

Retrospective ethics committee approval is not required for papers that have used research data before 2020, that have been produced from master's / doctoral studies (should be specified in the article), which have been published in the journal in the previous year, accepted but not yet published.

With these rules of TR Index, are there restrictions on publications made outside the universities?

No. Researchers who are not members of the university can also apply to the Ethics Committees in their regions.


Appeals and Complaints 

The below procedure applies to appeals to editorial decisions, complaints about failure of processes such as long delays in handling papers and complaints about publication ethics. The complaint should in first instance be handled by the Editor-in-Chief(s) responsible for the journal and/or the Editor who handled the paper. If they are the subject of the complaint please approach the in-house publishing contact. 

Complaint about scientific content, e.g. an appeal against rejection
The Editor-in-Chief or Handling Editor considers the authors’ argument, the reviewer reports and decides whether
- The decision to reject should stand;
- Another independent opinion is required
- The appeal should be considered.
The complainant is informed of the decision with an explanation if appropriate. Decisions on appeals are final and new submissions take priority over appeals.

Complaint about processes, e.g. time taken to review 
The Editor-in-Chief together with the Handling Editor (where appropriate) and/or in-house contact (where appropriate) will investigate the matter. The complainant will be given appropriate feedback. Feedback is provided to relevant stakeholders to improve processes and procedures.

Complaint about publication ethics, e.g., researcher's author's, or reviewer's conduct
The Editor-in-Chief or Handling Editor follows guidelines published by the Committee on Publication Ethics. The Editor-in-Chief or Handling Editor may ask the publisher via their in-house contact for advice on difficult or complicated cases. The Editor-in-Chief or Handling Editor decides on a course of action and provides feedback to the complainant. If the complainant remains dissatisfied with the handling of their complaint, he or she can submit the complaint to the Committee on Publication Ethics. 



Authorship Principles

These guidelines describe authorship principles and good authorship practices to which prospective authors should adhere to.

Authorship clarified
The Journal and Publisher assume all authors agreed with the content and that all gave explicit consent to submit and that they obtained consent from the responsible authorities at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.

The Publisher does not prescribe the kinds of contributions that warrant authorship. It is recommended that authors adhere to the guidelines for authorship that are applicable in their specific research field. In absence of specific guidelines it is recommended to adhere to the following guidelines a,b:

All authors whose names appear on the submission

  1. made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work;
  2. drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content;
  3. approved the version to be published; and
  4. agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Disclosures and declarations

All authors are requested to include information regarding sources of funding, financial or non-financial interests, study-specific approval by the appropriate ethics committee for research involving humans and/or animals, informed consent if the research involved human participants, and a statement on welfare of animals if the research involved animals (as appropriate),finally a statement that indicates author acted in accordance with ethical standards. If the above-mentioned situations are not available, the authors are requested to declare this situation as well. 

For example:


The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article."  

"Declaration of Conflicting Interests

The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article."

"Approval of Ethics Committee

Ethics Committee approval is not required for this article."

"Ethical Standards
In all processes of the article, it was acted in accordance with the principles of research and publication ethics."
The decision whether such information should be included is not only dependent on the scope of the journal, but also the scope of the article. Work submitted for publication may have implications for public health or general welfare and in those cases it is the responsibility of all authors to include the appropriate disclosures and declarations.

Data transparency

All authors are requested to make sure that all data and materials as well as software application or custom code support their published claims and comply with field standards. Please note that journals may have individual policies on (sharing)research data in concordance with disciplinary norms and expectations. Please check the Instructions for Authors of the Journal that you are submitting to for specific instructions.

Role of the Corresponding Author

One author is assigned as Corresponding Author and acts on behalf of all co-authors and ensures that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately addressed 

The Corresponding Author is responsible for the following requirements:

  • ensuring that all listed authors have approved the manuscript before submission, including the names and order of authors;
  • managing all communication between the Journal and all co-authors, before and after publication*;
  • providing transparency on re-use of material and mention any unpublished material (for example manuscripts in press) included in the manuscript in a cover letter to the Editor;
  • making sure disclosures, declarations and transparency on data statements from all authors are included in the manuscript as appropriate (see above).

*The requirement of managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors during submission and proofing may be delegated to a Contact or Submitting Author. In this case please make sure the Corresponding Author is clearly indicated in the manuscript.

Author contributions

Please check the Instructions for Authors of the Journal that you are submitting to for specific instructions regarding contribution statements.

In absence of specific instructions and in research fields where it is possible to describe discrete efforts, the Publisher recommends authors to include contribution statements in the work that specifies the contribution of every author in order to promote transparency. These contributions should be listed at the end of the submission.

Examples of such statement(s) are shown below:

              "All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection and analysis were performed by [full name], [full name] and [full  name]. The first draft of the manuscript was written by [full name] and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved  the final manuscript."

              "Author Contributions

               Authors contributed equally to this work."


Compliance with Ethical Standards

To ensure objectivity and transparency in research and to ensure that accepted principles of ethical and professional conduct have been followed, authors should include information regarding sources of funding, potential conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial), informed consent if the research involved human participants, and a statement on welfare of animals if the research involved animals.

Authors should include the following statements (if applicable) in a separate section entitled “Compliance with Ethical Standards” at the end of their work when submitting a paper:

  • Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest
  • Research involving Human Participants and/or Animal
  • Informed consent

For example:


The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article."  

"Declaration of Conflicting Interests

The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article."

"Approval of Ethics Committee

Ethics Committee approval is not required for this article."

"Ethical Standards
In all processes of the article, it was acted in accordance with the principles of research and publication ethics."

The corresponding author should be prepared to collect documentation of compliance with ethical standards and send if requested during peer review or after publication.

The Editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned guidelines. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned guidelines.


Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest

Authors must disclose all relationships or interests that could have direct or potential influence or impart bias on the work. Although an author may not feel there is any conflict, disclosure of relationships and interests provides a more complete and transparent process, leading to an accurate and objective assessment of the work.

Awareness of a real or perceived conflicts of interest is a perspective to which the readers are entitled. This is not meant to imply that a financial relationship with an organization that sponsored the research or compensation received for consultancy work is inappropriate.

Examples of potential conflicts of interests that are directly or indirectly related to the research may include but are not limited to the following:

  • Financial support for attending symposia
  • Employment or consultation
  • Support from a project sponsor
  • Financial relationships, for example equity ownership or investment interest

In addition, interests that go beyond financial interests and compensation (non-financial interests) that may be important to readers should be disclosed. These may include but are not limited to personal relationships or competing interests directly or indirectly tied to this research, or professional interests or personal beliefs that may influence your research.

The corresponding author collects the conflict of interest disclosure forms from all authors. In author collaborations where formal agreements for representation allow it, it is sufficient for the corresponding author to sign the disclosure form on behalf of all authors.

For example:

"Declaration of Conflicting Interests

The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article."

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.  

Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour.  Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation is helped by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include*:

  • The manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • The submitted work should be original and should not have been published elsewhere in any form or language (partially or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work. (Please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the concerns about text-recycling (‘self-plagiarism’).
  • A single study should not be split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (i.e.  ‘salami-slicing/publishing’).
  • Concurrent or secondary publication is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. Examples include: translations or a manuscript that is intended for a different group of readers.
  • Results should be presented clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation (including image based manipulation). Authors should adhere to discipline-specific rules for acquiring, selecting and processing data.
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (‘plagiarism’). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks (to indicate words taken from another source) are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions secured for material that is copyrighted.

         Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.

  • Authors should make sure they have permissions for the use of software, questionnaires/(web) surveys and scales in their studies (if appropriate).
  • Authors should avoid untrue statements about an entity (who can be an individual person or a company) or descriptions of their behavior or actions that could potentially be seen as personal attacks or allegations about that person.
  • Research that may be misapplied to pose a threat to public health or national security should be clearly identified in the manuscript (e.g. dual use of research). Examples include creation of harmful consequences of biological agents or toxins, disruption of immunity of vaccines, unusual hazards in the use of chemicals, weaponization of research/technology (amongst others).
  • Authors are strongly advised to ensure the author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors are all correct at submission. Adding and/or deleting authors during the revision stages is generally not permitted, but in some cases may be warranted. Reasons for changes in authorship should be explained in detail. Please note that changes to authorship cannot be made after acceptance of a manuscript. 

*All of the above are guidelines and authors need to make sure to respect third parties rights such as copyright and/or moral rights.

Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results presented. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential or proprietary data is excluded.

If there is suspicion of misbehavior or alleged fraud the Journal and/or Publisher will carry out an investigation following COPE guidelines.  If, after investigation, there are valid concerns, the author(s) concerned will be contacted under their given e-mail address and given an opportunity to address the issue. Depending on the situation, this may result in the Journal’s and/or Publisher’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:

  • If the manuscript is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
  • If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction:
  1. an erratum/correction may be placed with the article
  2. an expression of concern may be placed with the article
  3. or in severe cases retraction of the article may occur. 

The reason will be given in the published erratum/correction, expression of concern or retraction note. Please note that retraction means that the article is maintained on the platform, watermarked “retracted” and the explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.

  • The author’s institution may be informed
  • A notice of suspected transgression of ethical standards in the peer review system may be included as part of the author’s and article’s bibliographic record.

Fundamental errors

Authors have an obligation to correct mistakes once they discover a significant error or inaccuracy in their published article. The author(s) is/are requested to contact the journal and explain in what sense the error is impacting the article. A decision on how to correct the literature will depend on the nature of the error. This may be a correction or retraction. The retraction note should provide transparency which parts of the article are impacted by the error.

Suggesting / excluding reviewers

Authors are welcome to suggest suitable reviewers and/or request the exclusion of certain individuals when they submit their manuscripts. When suggesting reviewers, authors should make sure they are totally independent and not connected to the work in any way. It is strongly recommended to suggest a mix of reviewers from different countries and different institutions. When suggesting reviewers, the Corresponding Author must provide an institutional email address for each suggested reviewer, or, if this is not possible to include other means of verifying the identity such as a link to a personal homepage, a link to the publication record or a researcher or author ID in the submission letter. Please note that the Journal may not use the suggestions, but suggestions are appreciated and may help facilitate the peer review process.


Ethical Responsibilities of Reviewers

The fact that all manuscripts are reviewed through Blind Review has a direct influence on the publication quality. This process ensures confidentiality by objective and independent review. The review process at Ekonomik Yaklasim is carried out on the principle of double blind review. Reviewers do not contact the authors directly, and the reviews and comments are conveyed through the journal management system. In this process, the reviewer views on the evaluation forms and full texts are assigned to the author(s) by the editor. Therefore, the reviewers doing review work for Ekonomik Yaklasim are supposed to bear the following ethical responsibilities:

Reviewers must

  • agree to review only in their subject of expertise.
  • review in an unbiased and confidential manner.
  • inform the editor of the journal if they think that they encounter conflict of interests and decline to review the manuscript during the review process.
  • dispose the manuscripts they have reviewed in accordance with the principle of confidentiality after the review process. Reviewers can use the final versions of the manuscripts they have reviewed only after publication.
  • review the manuscript objectively and only in terms of its content and ensure that nationality, gender, religious and political beliefs, and economic apprehension do not influence the review.
  • review the manuscript in a constructive and kind tone, avoid making personal comments including hostility, slander and insult.
  • review the manuscript they have agreed to review on time and in accordance with the ethical rules stated above.


Ethical Responsibilities of Editor and Publisher

Ekonomik Yaklasim Association, publisher of Ekonomik Yaklasim, is a non-profit civil society organization. Ekonomik Yaklasim Association is conscious of the fact that they must observe the ethical responsilities below and act accordingly:

  • Editors are responsible for all the processes that the manuscripts submitted to Ekonomik Yaklasim will go through. Within this framework, ignoring the economic or political interests, the decision-makers are the editors.
  • The publisher undertakes to have an independent editorial decision made.
  • The publisher protects the intellectual property rights of all the articles published in Ekonomik Yaklasim and holds the responsibility to keep a record of each unpublished article.
  • The publisher bears all the responsibility to take the precautions against scientific abuse, fraud and plagiarism.

Unethical Behaviour

Should you encounter any unethical act or content in Ekonomik Yaklasim apart from the ethical responsibilities listed above, please notify the journal by e-mail at eyaklasimeditor@gmail.com.



At Ekonomik Yaklasim, the accepted manuscripts undergo the processes of plagiarism detection, preparation of bibliography, cross-reference and reference check, layout and galley, assigning a DOI number and being put into online first. The manuscripts in early release are published in the volume and issue determined by the editorial board.

Plagiarism Detection

In accordance with its publishing policies, Ekonomik Yaklasim oblige each study that has undergone the Blind Review Process to be detected for plagiarism to protect the integrity of the study. Therefore, both Turkish and English copies of the study are detected for plagiarism.

The plagiarism detection is done by Turnitin and iThenticate softwares. The matches found in each study after plagiarism detection are analysed in detail and those matches with correct reference and cross-reference are sorted. In the next step, the mistakes in the remaining matches are determined and reported to the editorial board. The board, then, makes a final decision in the light of the plagiarism detection report. The author may be asked to correct the mistakes listed in the report or the study may be returned to the author.

References and Citation Control

Ekonomik Yaklasim, in accordance with its publication ethics, considers it to be an obligation for the accepted studies to have correct and complete references and attributions. Therefore, each study, after acceptance, is checked in terms of bibliography, referencing and attribution.

The full Turkish and English texts of the accepted studies are processed for bibliography, referencing and attribution check in the following steps:

  • Bibliography is prepared according to the APA Referencing Style Guide.
  • The in-text references of the references given in the bibliography should be in line with rules and regulations, and mistakes are corrected.
  • Attributions of the in-text references are checked. The author(s) is asked to provide the missing ones, and the incorrect ones are corrected.

For the Turkish full text Turkish rules and regulations of referencing are used, and for the English full texts English rules and regulations of referencing are used.

Layout and Galley

Ekonomik Yaklasim requires that the articles be printed in a common type of and complete page layout for formal integrity, readability and standards.

Assigning a DOI Number

Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a unique access number that enables the identification and accessibility of each article published electronically. It is mandatory that each article published in Ekonomik Yaklasim or in early release is assigned a DOI number.

After acceptance, the manuscripts which are checked for plagiarism and bibliography and ready for publication are given a DOI number by the Editorial Board.

Online First

Ekonomik Yaklasim values the dissemination of up-to-date and original information. Therefore, those manuscripts that are accepted after the review process and whose process for publication is over are published electronically as online first. Later, these manuscripts are given page numbers and published in the volume and issue found suitable by the editorial board. The manuscripts in the online first may not be the final version to be seen in the normal issue. Minor editing may be done on the final version to be published.

Language Editing

The language (Turkish and English) of the manuscripts submitted to Ekonomik Yaklasim must be accurate in terms of rules of grammar and scientific literature and must have a plain and clear language quality. Manuscripts should be written in fluent language and free of foreign words. If the manuscripts are edited before they are submitted for review, the process of publication gets healthy.

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