ISSN 1300-1868
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Rise from Middle Income Trap

Yusuf Kurtoğlu.

Abstract
How progress the production relations in transition period into the innovation economics during post-industrialization period. How this process examining in growth theories. The knowledge factor, by “having been an increasing return” along the patent’ economic length, cause an increase in total factor productivity of the industries where the knowledge employed as an input. Knowledge by having been realized a higher marginal return compare to average return is a production factor with an increasing return. Since the knowledge input have been an increasing return, this characteristics of the factor brings it’s effect in production process dynamic. This structure of the knowledge factor creates increasing return in “production function”. Whether indicate adequate effect of this qualification of knowledge input respect to the attempt of emerging economies “rise from middle income trap” , and how? In this study, the subject analyzed within the concept of a developed model that based on “factor augmenting technologies” approach in the theory.

Key words: Middle income trap, growth theories, endogenous economic growth, factor augmenting technologies, escape competition effect, Schumpeterian effect. JEL Classification: O40, O41.



Orta Gelir Tuzağından Çıkış

Ozet
Sanayileşme dönemi sonrasında inovasyon-yenilik ekonomisine geçiş sürecindeki üretim ilişkileri nasıl gelişmektedir. Bu süreç büyüme teorilerinde nasıl ele alınmaktadır. Bilgi faktörünün, patentin ekonomik ömrü boyunca “artan getiriye sahip olması”; bilginin girdi olarak kullanıldığı sanayilerde toplam faktör verimliliğinde artışa neden olmaktadır. Marjinal getirisi ortalama getirisinin üzerinde gerçekleşen bilgi, artan getiriye sahip bir üretim faktörüdür. Bilgi girdisinin artan getiriye sahip olması, bu faktörün üretim sürecindeki etkisini dinamik hale getirmektedir. Bilgi faktörünün bu yapısı, “üretim fonksiyonunda” artan getiri yaratmaktadır. Gelişen ekonomilerin “orta gelir tuzağından çıkışında” bilgi girdisinin bu niteliği yeterli etkiyi gösterecek mi, nasıl? Çalışmamızda bu konu, teorideki “faktör geliştiren teknolojiler” (factor augmenting technologies) yaklaşımından yola çıkılarak geliştirilen bir model kapsamında incelenmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Orta gelir tuzağı, büyüme teorileri, içsel ekonomik büyüme, faktör geliştiren teknolojiler, rekabetten kaçış etkisi, Schumpeteryan etki. JEL Sınıflaması: O40, O41.


 
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Yusuf Kurtoglu. [Rise from Middle Income Trap]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(90): 71-90. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35313


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Yusuf Kurtoglu. [Rise from Middle Income Trap]. http://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=158066 [Access: October 21, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35313


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Yusuf Kurtoglu. [Rise from Middle Income Trap]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(90): 71-90. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35313



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Yusuf Kurtoglu. [Rise from Middle Income Trap]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2014), [cited October 21, 2018]; 25(90): 71-90. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35313



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Yusuf Kurtoglu (2014) [Rise from Middle Income Trap]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (90), 71-90. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35313



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Yusuf Kurtoglu. 2014. [Rise from Middle Income Trap]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (90), 71-90. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35313



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Yusuf Kurtoglu. "[Rise from Middle Income Trap]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 25 (2014), 71-90. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35313



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Yusuf Kurtoglu. "[Rise from Middle Income Trap]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 25.90 (2014), 71-90. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35313



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Yusuf Kurtoglu (2014) [Rise from Middle Income Trap]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (90), 71-90. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35313





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