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Gender Segregated Labor Market and Work-Life Preferences: Evidence from Turkey

Meltem NCE YENLMEZ.

Abstract
Recent drastic changes in demand for and supply of labor have given rise to efficient labor market transformations, notably in the status of gender stereotypes in advanced countries. An important question remains: Why are womens roles in the labor market still lagging in terms of the distribution of resources and wages in developing countries? Given that wage inequality and gender segregation in occupations continues, those issues require further discussion from the viewpoint of gender inequality. While similar transformations have taken place in Turkey, aggregate data indicates that female employment and labor force participation still need special consideration. The framework of socio-cultural and economic factors that determines gender-based division, both in the labor market and households, causes women generally lag behind men at all levels in Turkey. The limited number of jobs available for women, long working hours, heavy working conditions, low wages and womens lack of work skills are some of the factors keeping women out of the labor market. Despite recent amendments to legislation aimed at preventing gender inequality, it is still not possible to see female employment increasing due to and the strict conservative patriarchal values that characterize Turkish society. Further investments are needed in fields such as the active labor market and life-long learning in order to increase female employment. Reducing informal employment while promoting high quality and productive jobs is all crucial for addressing the problems of female unemployment in Turkey.

Key words: Female employment, gender inequality, discrimination, Turkey. JEL Classification: I21, J13, J21, J24.



Cinsiyet Temelli Olarak Ayrm gc Piyasas ve alma Yaam Tercihleri: Trkiyeden Kant

Özet
gc arz ve talebinde son dnemde yaanan esasl deiiklikler bata gelimi lkelerde toplumsal cinsiyet kalplarndaki stat deiiklikleri olmak zere etkin igc piyasalarnda kayda deer dnmlere yol amaktadr. Bununla birlikte, buradaki ayrt edici soru udur: gelimekte olan lkelerde kadnlarn igc piyasasndaki rolleri neden hala kaynak dalm ve cretler asndan geri kalmaya devam etmektedir? Mesleklerdeki sregiden cret eitsizliini ve cinsiyet ayrmcln gz nne aldmzda, bu sorunlarn toplumsal cinsiyet eitsizlii bak asndan yeni tartmalarla ele alnmas gereklilii ortaya kmaktadr. Bu dnmler benzer ekilde Trkiyede de yaanmaktadr. Ancak, toplulatrlm verilerden anlald kadaryla kadn istihdamn ve igcne katlm orann zel bir dikkat gerektirmektedir. Sosyokltrel ereve ile ekonomik faktrlerin hem igc piyasasndaki hem de evdeki cinsiyet temelli ayrmay belirlemesi nedeniyle, kadnlar genellikle tm dzeylerde erkeklerin gerisinde kalmaktadr. Kadnlarn alabilecei ilerin yetersiz olmas, uzun alma saatleri, ar alma koullar dk cretler ve alma hayatndaki beceri yoksunluu da yine kadnlar igc piyasasnn dna iten faktrler arasnda yer almaktadr. Toplumsal cinsiyet eitsizliinin nlenmesine ynelik olarak son dnemde yaplan mevzuat deiikliklerine ramen, Tr toplumunu karakterize eden baskc ve muhafazakr ataerkil deerler sebebiyle kadn istihdamnda bir iyilemeden sz etmek mmkn olmamaktadr. Bu nedenle, kadn istihdamnn arttrlmas iin aktif igc piyasas ve hayat boyu renme gibi alanlarda yeni yatrmlara ihtiya vardr. Kadn istihdamna ilikin sorunlarn zerine gidilebilmesi iin kayt d istihdamn azaltlmas ve kaliteli ve retken ilerin tevik edilmesi hayati nemdedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Kadn istihdam, cinsiyet eitsizlii, ayrmclk, Trkiye. JEL Snflamas: I21, J13, J21, J24.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Meltem INCE YENILMEZ. Gender Segregated Labor Market and Work-Life Preferences: Evidence from Turkey. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(93): 1-20. doi:10.5455/ey.35514


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Meltem INCE YENILMEZ. Gender Segregated Labor Market and Work-Life Preferences: Evidence from Turkey. http://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=172770 [Access: February 23, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ey.35514


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Meltem INCE YENILMEZ. Gender Segregated Labor Market and Work-Life Preferences: Evidence from Turkey. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(93): 1-20. doi:10.5455/ey.35514



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Meltem INCE YENILMEZ. Gender Segregated Labor Market and Work-Life Preferences: Evidence from Turkey. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2014), [cited February 23, 2018]; 25(93): 1-20. doi:10.5455/ey.35514



Harvard Style

Meltem INCE YENILMEZ (2014) Gender Segregated Labor Market and Work-Life Preferences: Evidence from Turkey. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (93), 1-20. doi:10.5455/ey.35514



Turabian Style

Meltem INCE YENILMEZ. 2014. Gender Segregated Labor Market and Work-Life Preferences: Evidence from Turkey. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (93), 1-20. doi:10.5455/ey.35514



Chicago Style

Meltem INCE YENILMEZ. "Gender Segregated Labor Market and Work-Life Preferences: Evidence from Turkey." Ekonomik Yaklasim 25 (2014), 1-20. doi:10.5455/ey.35514



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Meltem INCE YENILMEZ. "Gender Segregated Labor Market and Work-Life Preferences: Evidence from Turkey." Ekonomik Yaklasim 25.93 (2014), 1-20. Print. doi:10.5455/ey.35514



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Meltem INCE YENILMEZ (2014) Gender Segregated Labor Market and Work-Life Preferences: Evidence from Turkey. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (93), 1-20. doi:10.5455/ey.35514



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