ISSN 1300-1868
 

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Toward To A Heterodox Microeconomic Theory: Technological Development Approach Of Evolutionary Economics And Nature Of Firm

Cem Okan TUNCEL.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
This paper deals with the theories of evolutionary economics and the evolutionary nature of the firm. Although mainstream economics, which is influenced by equilibrium-based Newtonian mechanics, dominates the academic-world we have seen a revival of interest in evolutionary ideas in heterodox economics more generally over the last two decades. Contemporary evolutionary economics, which mainly stems from works of Schumpeter, focuses on entrepreneurship and technological change in the capitalist economy and criticizes the static framework of neoclassic economics. The main aim of this paper is to summarize evolutionary approaches in economics and to investigate the source of technological change at the firm level. Main presumptions of evolutionary economics can be summarized as the consideration of dynamics, the acceptance of heterogeneity among agents and the view of interaction among agents as a selection mechanism and finally the recognition of source of continuous novelty in society. Moreover, this paper presents an assessment of emergent topics in the evolutionary literature, namely self-organization and complexity theory.

Key words: Evolutionary Economics, Localized Technological Change



HETERODOKS BİR MİKRO İKTİSAT TEORİSİNE DOĞRU: EVRİMCİ İKTİSADIN TEKNOLOJİK GELİŞME YAKLAŞIMI VE FİRMANIN DOĞASI

Ozet
Bu çalışma evrimci iktisat teorileri ve firmanın evrimci doğası ile ilgilenmektedir. Denge merkezli Newtoncu mekanikten etkilenen ana akım iktisat, akademik dünyaya egemen olmakla birlikte, son yirmi yılda evrimci düşünceler heterodoks ekonomik yaklaşım içerisinde daha fazla ilgi çekmektedir. Çağdaş evrimci iktisat, neoklasik iktisadın statik kavramsal çerçevesini eleştiren, kapitalist ekonomideki girişimciliğe ve teknolojik değişime odaklanan Schumpeter’in çalışmalarından gelişmiştir. Bu çalışmanın temel amacı; iktisattaki evrimci yaklaşımları özetlemek ve teknolojik değişmenin firma düzeyindeki kaynaklarını araştırmaktır. Evrimci iktisadın temel özellikleri, iktisadi dinamiği dikkate alması, iktisadi ajanları heterojen olarak kabul etmesi, ajanlar arasındaki etkileşimi bir seçilim mekanizması olarak ele alması ve sonuç olarak toplumdaki yeniliğin kaynaklarını araştırması olarak özetlenebilir. Bu çalışma öz-örgütlenme ve karmaşıklık teorisi gibi evrimci iktisatta yeni tartışılan konular üzerine de bir değerlendirme sunmaktadır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Evrimci İktisat, Yerelleşmiş Teknolojik Değişme, Karmaşık Uyarlanabilen Sistem, Firma


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

ANA AKIM (ORTODOKS-NEOKLASİK) İKTİSAT ÖĞRETİSİ ELEŞTİRİSİ: HETEREDOKS YAKLAŞIM İHTİYACI
2016; 8(19262): 25.

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Pubmed Style

Cem Okan TUNCEL. [Toward To A Heterodox Microeconomic Theory: Technological Development Approach Of Evolutionary Economics And Nature Of Firm]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2008; 19(69): 1-32. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10673


Web Style

Cem Okan TUNCEL. [Toward To A Heterodox Microeconomic Theory: Technological Development Approach Of Evolutionary Economics And Nature Of Firm]. http://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=155934 [Access: March 29, 2020]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10673


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Cem Okan TUNCEL. [Toward To A Heterodox Microeconomic Theory: Technological Development Approach Of Evolutionary Economics And Nature Of Firm]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2008; 19(69): 1-32. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10673



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Cem Okan TUNCEL. [Toward To A Heterodox Microeconomic Theory: Technological Development Approach Of Evolutionary Economics And Nature Of Firm]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2008), [cited March 29, 2020]; 19(69): 1-32. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10673



Harvard Style

Cem Okan TUNCEL (2008) [Toward To A Heterodox Microeconomic Theory: Technological Development Approach Of Evolutionary Economics And Nature Of Firm]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 19 (69), 1-32. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10673



Turabian Style

Cem Okan TUNCEL. 2008. [Toward To A Heterodox Microeconomic Theory: Technological Development Approach Of Evolutionary Economics And Nature Of Firm]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 19 (69), 1-32. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10673



Chicago Style

Cem Okan TUNCEL. "[Toward To A Heterodox Microeconomic Theory: Technological Development Approach Of Evolutionary Economics And Nature Of Firm]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 19 (2008), 1-32. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10673



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Cem Okan TUNCEL. "[Toward To A Heterodox Microeconomic Theory: Technological Development Approach Of Evolutionary Economics And Nature Of Firm]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 19.69 (2008), 1-32. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10673



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Cem Okan TUNCEL (2008) [Toward To A Heterodox Microeconomic Theory: Technological Development Approach Of Evolutionary Economics And Nature Of Firm]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 19 (69), 1-32. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10673





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