ISSN 1300-1868
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


The Competitiveness of Agricultural Products in the aftermath of the Global Food Crisis: Turkish Case

Taylan KIYMAZ.

Abstract
Food and financial crisis have been consecutively experienced in the second half of the 2000s and have significantly affected the commodity markets. Those crises led to serious fluctuations at food prices and agricultural production costs. In this study it is aimed to determine the change in comparative advantage of Turkey resulting from the food crisis in 2007-2008 and the rising food prices in 2011 given that the domestic agricultural production costs and prices are high in Turkey. In the study statistical comparisons are used as a method in the examination of international conditions of competitiveness via OECD statistics, and domestic sources are prefered examining cost structures and prices of selected products in Turkey to understand the global competitiveness situation. According to the data revealed in commodity prices, especially after 2010 domestic prices converged to world prices. Meanwhile, due to the crises, especially energy and fertilizer costs of agricultural production have risen and their weight in costs have increased. In the study cereal products, sunflower and sugar beet are expected to experience trouble in the world markets even when their production costs are considered. Whereas barley and sugar gains comparative advantage at world prices. Consequently, while improving agricultural structure in the country, reducing costs of inputs in agricultural production through relevant policies, productivity-enhancement through R&D and use of the technology in production are important policy choices for improving competitiveness considering the positive impact of rising world food prices.

Key words: Food crisis, competition, agricultural costs, agricultural prices, support. JEL Classification: Q13, Q17, Q18.



Dünya Gıda Krizi Sonrası Dönemde Tarımsal Ürünlerin Rekabet Durumu: Türkiye Örneği

Ozet
2000’li yılların ikinci yarısında art arda yaşanan gıda ve finans krizlerinde emtia piyasaları da önemli ölçüde etkilenmiş bu süreçte gıda fiyatları ile tarımsal ürün maliyetlerinde kayda değer dalgalanmalar yaşanmıştır. Gerek gıda krizinin yaşandığı 2007-2008 döneminde gerek sonraki dönemde, 2011 yılında, gıda fiyatlarının yeniden yükselişe geçmesinin yurtiçi tarımsal üretim maliyet ve fiyatları yüksek olan Türkiye’ye ne ölçüde rekabet avantajı sağladığının tespit edilmesi bu çalışmanın amacıdır. Bu çalışmada yöntem olarak uluslararası rekabet koşullarının incelenmesinde OECD istatistikleri temel alınmakta, Türkiye incelenirken seçilmiş ürünlerin ulusal verilere göre maliyet yapıları ve fiyatları dikkate alınarak dünya piyasalarında rekabet durumu istatistiki karşılaştırmalarla ortaya konulmaktadır. Ortaya konulan inceleme sonuçlarına göre özellikle 2010 yılı sonrasında tarımsal ürün fiyatları genel olarak dünya fiyatlarına yakınsamıştır. Bu arada yaşanan krizler nedeniyle özellikle enerji ve gübre fiyatlarındaki artışların her iki kalemin tarımsal üretim maliyeti içindeki ağırlığının yükselmesine neden olduğu anlaşılmıştır. Çalışmada incelenen hububat ürünleri, ayçiçeği ve şeker pancarı dikkate alındığında bu ürünlerin maliyetleriyle dahi dünya fiyatlarıyla rekabette sorun yaşandığı, arpa ve şekerin dünya fiyatlarında yaşanan artışların bu iki üründe ülkemiz açısından rekabet avantajı yarattığı anlaşılmaktadır. Sonuç olarak, tarımsal yapıdan kaynaklanan sorunların çözümü yanında ülkemizde tarımsal üretim maliyetlerinin azaltılması yönünde girdinin daha ucuza tedariği için politikalar, verim artırıcı Ar&Ge ve tarımsal teknoloji kullanımı dünya fiyatlarının arttığı bir ortamda rekabetçilik açısından önemli görülmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Gıda krizi, rekabet, tarımsal maliyetler, tarımsal fiyatlar, destekleme. JEL Sınıflaması: Q13, Q17, Q18.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Taylan KIYMAZ. [The Competitiveness of Agricultural Products in the aftermath of the Global Food Crisis: Turkish Case]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(90): 21-48. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35311


Web Style

Taylan KIYMAZ. [The Competitiveness of Agricultural Products in the aftermath of the Global Food Crisis: Turkish Case]. http://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=162328 [Access: December 11, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35311


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Taylan KIYMAZ. [The Competitiveness of Agricultural Products in the aftermath of the Global Food Crisis: Turkish Case]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(90): 21-48. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35311



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Taylan KIYMAZ. [The Competitiveness of Agricultural Products in the aftermath of the Global Food Crisis: Turkish Case]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2014), [cited December 11, 2018]; 25(90): 21-48. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35311



Harvard Style

Taylan KIYMAZ (2014) [The Competitiveness of Agricultural Products in the aftermath of the Global Food Crisis: Turkish Case]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (90), 21-48. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35311



Turabian Style

Taylan KIYMAZ. 2014. [The Competitiveness of Agricultural Products in the aftermath of the Global Food Crisis: Turkish Case]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (90), 21-48. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35311



Chicago Style

Taylan KIYMAZ. "[The Competitiveness of Agricultural Products in the aftermath of the Global Food Crisis: Turkish Case]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 25 (2014), 21-48. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35311



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Taylan KIYMAZ. "[The Competitiveness of Agricultural Products in the aftermath of the Global Food Crisis: Turkish Case]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 25.90 (2014), 21-48. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35311



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Taylan KIYMAZ (2014) [The Competitiveness of Agricultural Products in the aftermath of the Global Food Crisis: Turkish Case]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (90), 21-48. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35311





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